D10050 - Utility X, Errors

In zero system, error definition is very easy, you can define your own WebException or other UpException, then with Utility X tool you can normalize web exceptions. For exception definition tutorial please refer forward chapters. Current chapter describe the two frequently scenarios:

In zero system all the user-defined exceptions should inherit from WebException, the first argument is Class<?>, it means that which class build/throw out this exception, it could help developer to trace the real exception points in real projects.From second argument, the rested will put into WebException constructor for different types.

Another usage of above api is that you can transfer JVM exception to WebException and then normalized it and throw out to client as standard exception response.

1. Source Code

Came from hotel micro service platform

1.1. UserNotFoundException

Please ignore the details of this exception definition

package com.htl.exception;

import io.vertx.core.http.HttpStatusCode;
import io.vertx.up.exception.WebException;

public class UserNotFoundException extends WebException {

    public UserNotFoundException(final Class<?> clazz,
                                 final String username) {
        super(clazz, username);

    public int getCode() {
        return -90001;

    public HttpStatusCode getStatus() {
        return HttpStatusCode.RETRY_WITH;

One thing you should know is that:

1.2. Build normalized exception

Here are the usage of this exception with Utility X tool

    public Function<SecUser, Future<JsonObject>> response(
            final String username,
            final String password,
            final Function<SecUser, Future<JsonObject>> future) {
        return pojo -> {
            if (null == pojo) {
                // The user does not exist in database.
                this.logger.info("[ Auth ] username/id = {0} does not exist.", username);
                // The usage of the exception in current tutorial.
                return Future.failedFuture(Ux.toError(UserNotFoundException.class, this.clazz, username));
            } else if (!password.equals(pojo.getSPassword())) {
                // The password is wrong
                this.logger.info("[ Auth ] username/id = {0}, password is wrong {1}.", username, password);
                return Future.failedFuture(Ux.toError(PasswordWrongException.class, this.clazz, username));
            } else {
                // Success.
                this.logger.info("[ Auth ] User ( username/id = {0} ) login successfully.", username);
                return future.apply(pojo);

You can see that here we call Ux.toError api to build this exception and fired by Future.failedFuture, this action will be captured by zero system and replied standard error response.

2. Summary

Above tutorial showed that zero system has defined completely error process flow in web request, another point is that be careful that this exception is only build but not throw out. Actually you can throw out the exception instead of fire, but we recommend you to fire the exception because the code won’t trigger try-catch flow, but common java logical flow to process this exception.